Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.
President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Trending
Currency: Egyptian pound
Points of interest: Giza Necropolis, Great Sphinx of Giza, MORE
Official languages: Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic